How The Ancient Silk Road Pioneered Globalization

How The Ancient Silk Road Pioneered Globalization


“Globalization” is a term that has been
thrown around a lot lately, especially in light of President Donald Trump’s opposition
to trade deals and the UK’s decision to leave the European Union. In the simplest terms, a globalized economy
is the circulation of goods across many different countries. At your local grocery store, you can purchase
tea from India, mangoes from Brazil, figs from Turkey or coffee from Ethiopia all in
the same place. Manufactured goods, like a t-shirt, have likely
already charted multiple oceans before making it to retail shelves. That’s all thanks to globalization. And it’s great system for the consumer. It means low prices, greater variety, and
an all-around higher standard of living. To understand how globalization works, many
economists still point to one of humanity’s first endeavors in international trade: the
silk road. The Silk Road wasn’t the beginning of trade,
but it did expand it exponentially. In the centuries leading up to the formation
of the Silk Road, civilizations remained largely isolated, due to geographical boundaries and
fear of the unknown. However around the second century BC, China
and central Asia began to share goods and ideas through nomadic tribes. This eventually expanded into a complex network
of land and sea trade routes, stretching from the Mediterranean, to India, and even to southeast
Asia. A slew of different goods were transported
along the Silk Road, but the most common was, unsurprisingly, silk. This material had a huge effect on any society
that came in contact with it. The Chinese had a complete monopoly on silk,
as they were the only people who knew how to make it. So when the material was introduced to Roman
elite, who loved it for its lightness and air of promiscuity, demand skyrocketed. As the market grew, more and more working
class Chinese moved into silk production. Like modern globalization, the Silk Road also
ushered in a merging of languages, religions and cultures. Along with goods like spices and textiles,
merchants from India brought Buddhism to China and Japan, where it remains a dominant religion
today. Nomads from Arabia brought Islam to South
Asia, paving the way for the religion’s influence in Malaysia, Indonesia and other
modern states. In fact, many historians argue that the greatest
impact of the Silk Road was not the spread of products but the spread of ideas. The Silk Road was hugely beneficial for early
civilizations. It meant greater overall wealth, rapid advancements
in art and technology and increasing diplomacy among early world powers. However today, some argue that globalization
has gone too far. An interconnected economy often means a loss
of cultural distinctiveness, along with traditions and even entire languages. A great example of this is currency. For ease of trade and commerce, much of Europe
has abandoned their national denominations in favor of the Euro. Many countries have done the same to adopt
the US dollar. Globalization has already led to the death
of thousands of languages, leading some experts to predict that by the year 2100, only half
of modern dialects will still exist. The Silk Road left an immutable impact, affecting
civilizations that weren’t even directly connected to it. Merchants who charted the route stopped for
goods in villages, which eventually became huge cities, like Venice, Istanbul and Aleppo. Faiths like Christianity, Islam and Buddhism
saw a much greater reach, eventually becoming three of the world’s largest religions. Whether or not you agree that globalization
is good, its influence in the daily lives of every human cannot be understated. Today, China is looking to connect Asia and
Europe through a “new silk road”. To find out more about the initiative, check
out this video. Thanks for watching Seeker Daily! Don’t forget to like and subscribe.

100 Comments

  • QweAbcX

    February 19, 2017

    Its influence in daily lives of every human cannot be *overstated.

    Reply
  • felipe jannotti

    February 19, 2017

    Trump and Brexit are not against GLOBALIZATION, they're against GLOBALISM !

    Reply
  • ThePurpleFoot

    February 19, 2017

    Didn't the Silk Road also contribute to the spread of the Bubonic Plague?

    Reply
  • Santiago Bron

    February 19, 2017

    I'm not against traditions and cultures

    BUT when it comes to standard of living

    fuck culture and language.

    Reply
  • Sebastie Cortes

    February 19, 2017

    nationalist think they can stop globalization but don't realize even if they managed to decrease it or stopped it, other forms of globalization will replace it.

    Reply
  • Narasimha Murthy

    February 19, 2017

    hello, Constantinople was a huge city long before silk road, it might have been huge beneficiary but it did not become big cities due to silk road

    Reply
  • Bruh Bruh

    February 19, 2017

    How powerful is Oman the most isolated Arab country

    Reply
  • VintageLJ

    February 19, 2017

    The globalisation that Trump talks about is not the globalisation that was brought in by things like the British empire or Silk Road.

    Trump is clearly reffering to the outsourcing of jobs to make things cheaper for the manufacturer.

    Reply
  • mark walburg

    February 19, 2017

    Wow people have been buying drugs online for a long time!

    Reply
  • Logan Sloan

    February 19, 2017

    Nothing about worker exploitation? That's why people get cheap goods through globalization. The price has nothing to do with where something is made; it has everything to do with how much workers are paid to make the products you buy.

    Reply
  • frzferdinand72

    February 19, 2017

    He's really been growing out his beard.

    Reply
  • Marshmallow920

    February 19, 2017

    "Globalization" is a over dramatic buzzword for a simple concept; trade. Its occurred since Egyptian times, but today's universities dramatize it as if its something new ("oh look a t-shirts and iphones were made in China by child labor before reaching the US"). Today's academic interpretation of globalization is not focused on economics but on power; on indoctrinating students to accept 'globalism'; moving towards a world government of sorts slowly, in the forms of international bodies like IMF, WTO, UN etc. In short there's an idealist bias in today's teaching of globalization in business school, international relations or any other major. And from this spreads the open border dream. Because sovereignty and the nation state is an enemy of idealism (the dream is to transfer power from sovereign government to supranational bodies). Realism is viewed as "bigoted" or racist by professors. Although we are seeing realism make a comeback, more emphasis on bilateral trade agreements than multilateral ones.

    Reply
  • John von Shepard

    February 19, 2017

    Language isn't people so we can't kill it.

    Reply
  • Tony Rx

    February 19, 2017

    Globalization should only be about trade, economy and science…nothing more, it should not encroach on culture, language and the way of life for the people affected by its impacts

    Reply
  • Klash1100

    February 19, 2017

    Globalization itself is good, but it's current implemation sucks.
    We just need to run it on another rules, neither neocon, nor neoliberal. I dunno what it will be, but both theese ways don't work.

    Reply
  • DitchDigger Prod.

    February 19, 2017

    @alexjones

    Reply
  • Kuya Leinad

    February 19, 2017

    By Using the Internet, you are taking part in Globalisation 😀

    Reply
  • Cultural Marxist

    February 19, 2017

    we need to do globalisation differntly to benefit ordinary people not the rich. alter-globalisation.

    Reply
  • J_Viking32

    February 19, 2017

    Of course they make a video about globalization without mentioning how it's destroying America by robbing good manufacturing jobs from good Americans

    Reply
  • Lugotorix g08

    February 19, 2017

    Globalization is economic, globalism is political

    Reply
  • Papa Marx

    February 19, 2017

    Language, religion, and culture generally are best relegated to the domain of intellectual study and appreciation. They are beautiful, and I respect and admire them, but the fact is that they will perish, and to hinder nature is a futile game. An advanced world functions as just that: a world. The global culture is reason, logic, science, and intellectualism. I guarantee you no advanced alien race, if one exists, maintains its arbitrary national stratification, which it no doubt arose from. We cling to it even today. Look at the rise of hypernationalism and traditionalism/conservatism in the West, the most progressive geopolitical region of the world.

    There is a reason "reactionary" becomes such a beautifully apt description of those who seek to stall progress. Progress is synonymous with globalization and the merging of cultures. Love it or hate it, your fight is a trivial one, and if you think you've won today's battles, they are mere protests against the victor of tomorrow's war: globalization, economic, cultural, and human. Vae victis.

    There is only one reason people want to obstruct this natural progression: they want to stay proud of their meaningless identities, because they are convinced they are superior. It is pathetic. How can we overcome global challenges if we refuse to acknowledge our positions as members not of national, cultural, religious, linguistic, or ethnic families, but as a global family? Why is our first allegiance to race or creed, and not to humanity?

    Reply
  • Thomas Wilson

    February 19, 2017

    Dark web anyone ?

    Reply
  • Donald J. Trump

    February 19, 2017

    WE WILL NO LONGER SURRENDER TO THE FALSE SONG OF GLOBALIZATION

    Reply
  • Daniel B

    February 19, 2017

    It's funny when the west complains so much about Globalism, yet it is them who has benefitted the most. While most developing nations are exploited by big businesses we in the west have grown rich and I just think it's weird that it is we who oppose globalism the most.

    Reply
  • Some Thing

    February 19, 2017

    Globalisation: the genetical genocide of the white race, destroyer of languages and a handy tool for the ones that own our world.

    Reply
  • SXS

    February 19, 2017

    Globalized economies are fine, but globalized governments are not

    Reply
  • Guillermo Ibarra

    February 19, 2017

    To Trump supporters globalization is okay, globalism in the other hand is what we're against. There's a big difference.

    Reply
  • JHayler7

    February 19, 2017

    You are aware by the UK leaving the EU they will no longer be bound by EU tariffs. Therefore depending how they handle it, the UK could be at the forefront of globalisation by removing all tariffs from imported goods not just EU goods. Just by two cent

    Reply
  • in Valhalla神様

    February 19, 2017

    I am an immigrant and even I know that Trump is not opposed to trade deals. He is opposed to multi-lateral trade deals. There is nothing wrong with that so please cut the misinformation.

    Reply
  • Alexandru

    February 19, 2017

    How powerful is Romania?

    Reply
  • Based God

    February 19, 2017

    No one is against trade. we are against shitty trade deals and giving away our country's sovereignty

    Reply
  • Zedek

    February 19, 2017

    The idea of a "loss of culture" is completely asinine. All cultures are constantly changing, period. The supposed loss of any culture is actually the acquisition of a new one. Nothing is keeping anyone from keeping their folk dances if they are important to them… and if you aren't keeping them, they are clearly not important to most people in your society, which means there is no problem.

    Reply
  • Nathan Jones

    February 19, 2017

    Globalisation isn't the problem because you just buy and sell what you need, it's the outsourcing of jobs which is the issue

    Reply
  • Royal Noble

    February 19, 2017

    I just made a assignment on globalization and I think your video will be a great help in my presentation 😀

    Reply
  • name2 s

    February 20, 2017

    yes india will also become super power but before that we'll have to do something to our 20% muslims,their fucking retarded ISLAM along with their step brother Christianity.

    Reply
  • Hououin Kyouma!

    February 20, 2017

    Globalism ≠ International trade

    Reply
  • Tuxedo Productions

    February 20, 2017

    I personally don't see the bad side of language death, sure it may be hard at first through nostalgia, but when a language dies, nobody speaks it, so nobody will be affected

    Reply
  • Christian Lindsey

    February 20, 2017

    I love your videos!

    Reply
  • Prodigal Son

    February 20, 2017

    This video was well made but failed to mention the women and children in forced labor, both in industry and as sex slaves, which is a direct result of Globalization.

    They pay the price for cheap goods. No better quality of life for them.

    Let's not forget the genocide against Indigenous people committed by Globalization all over the world.

    Reply
  • Edward Kasimir

    February 20, 2017

    Dat beard.

    Reply
  • Thomas Botch

    February 20, 2017

    Yesterday's GLOBALIZATION can't be equated to today's IMPORT EXPORT ARBITRAGE SCHEME OF THE ELITES – especially when currency arbitrage and OLIGARCH BANKING is factored in.

    Reply
  • Left anti pc

    February 20, 2017

    My undies are made of silk.

    Reply
  • Michael Reinmubd

    February 20, 2017

    what is the club of rome?

    Reply
  • Michael Reinmubd

    February 20, 2017

    how powerful is the how powerful comment section?

    Reply
  • Yao Sheng Huang

    February 20, 2017

    Death of languages? that sounds amazing. I believe having different languages only severe communication and divide people.

    Reply
  • AlienAbles

    February 20, 2017

    um no that's called Trade. globalisation is giving up sovereignty for a Global governing.

    Reply
  • Ernie Llerena

    February 20, 2017

    Get rid of that background music. Its terrible and very annoying. It seriously makes me want to kill myself…. okay, I'm exaggerating there a bit, watching Trump every damn day is making me pick up some of his bad habits. Anyway change it up a bit will ya?

    Reply
  • TheCrunchycereal

    February 20, 2017

    The silk road pioneered friendly trade relations between nations and cultural appropriation. Globalism in it's current form is a relatively recent idea with mixed results.

    Reply
  • Pramey

    February 20, 2017

    Not budhism,Hinduism is the third largest religion.Just get your facts correct first..

    Reply
  • textmachine09

    February 20, 2017

    meanwhile the modern "silk road" still earning billions of dollars lmao

    Reply
  • Nayab Mehar

    February 20, 2017

    Please make a video about CPEC. Want to know more about it.

    Reply
  • Alex Christian

    February 20, 2017

    the world is one, none can change that. we are earth and every culture is ever-changing, as long as it is passed on.

    Reply
  • Heaven Bright

    February 20, 2017

    All roads start from Chang'an

    Reply
  • eELijaNilLs HD

    February 20, 2017

    Globalization is AIDS

    Reply
  • Ross Fehily

    February 20, 2017

    Globalization is colonialization

    Reply
  • Sajid Berríos Quiñones

    February 20, 2017

    This is fucking PROPAGANDA! QUIT IT, YOU PEOPLE ARE PATHETIC

    Reply
  • Primo Elio Cesare

    February 20, 2017

    Why Italy seems immune to terrorism?

    Reply
  • Dean Hedetniemi

    February 20, 2017

    Don't conflate Brexit with Donald trump, the EU is the protectionist racket we are trying to destroy. Hopefully the world trade org deals with their crap.

    Reply
  • Sadiq Ali

    February 20, 2017

    your average T shirt at walmart costs huge co2 emission to make and send to usa

    Reply
  • Caleb Marsh

    February 20, 2017

    Just don't conflate a globalized economy with a globalized political system. Few people truly don't want a globalized economy, but cultural homogenization brought on by an attitude of globalization is a miserable and failing experiment.

    Reply
  • Keith Siah

    February 20, 2017

    Man, at this point, isn't the idea of the world having just one culture good for us? I don't even care which culture is the dominant one. Look at the list of the most peaceful countries. The one thing they have in common is homogeneity. If we all embraced the same practices and beliefs, maybe we'll stop trying to fucking kill each other.

    Reply
  • Calum

    February 20, 2017

    +Seeker Daily you guys should do a video on SSPX

    Reply
  • Brutus Tan

    February 20, 2017

    I hope the self Hating regressive Leftists in seeker daily realize the difference between globalization, a good thing, and GlobaLIST, a tyranny.

    Reply
  • Alex Anastase

    February 20, 2017

    I will be the new hijabqueen.

    How powerfull is Romania?
    1st petition

    Reply
  • Daniel Cuevas

    February 20, 2017

    Globalization is awesome just look at Japan 🇯🇵 .

    Reply
  • Cyrus The Great

    February 20, 2017

    How powerful is Tajikistan?

    Reply
  • bamischijfje123

    February 21, 2017

    you got it all wrong. Trade and idea sharing are forms of good globalisation. Multiculturalism and migration are the problem

    Reply
  • Hansie Singh

    February 21, 2017

    patriotism is an obsolete term ..we are all global citizens now

    Reply
  • Jinseual

    February 21, 2017

    The "nomadic Arabs" had to impose Islam into India by force. If which they were really unsuccessful until the Turks break though into the Indian subcontinent and mass murdered millions of Hindus.

    Reply
  • syncmaster915n

    February 21, 2017

    Globalization = progress

    Reply
  • Midnite Reveries

    February 21, 2017

    If you are anti-globalization: Only buy ALL your food, clothing, electronics, and every commodity in your life that are locally made within driving distance.

    See how that works out for you, k thanks bye.

    Reply
  • Daniel Albano III

    February 21, 2017

    "Globalization" being attacked by Trump is the intentional plan to collapse nation-states and create a totalitarian world government without borders controlled by Big banks and the psychopathic elite

    Reply
  • David Harrison

    February 22, 2017

    A brief look at world history should make it obvious that economics is not zero-sum, and someone else prospering doesn't happen at your expense.

    Reply
  • David Harrison

    February 22, 2017

    2:56 so in order to rebuild post-war Aleppo we just have to bring back the silk road

    Reply
  • MrKrakowian

    February 22, 2017

    Someone needs a shave

    Reply
  • sanch Sanchayan

    February 22, 2017

    India, Mesopotamia and Egypt traded with each other way before 200 BC. It was trade in the bronze age in around 3000 BCE. Cotton clothes and herbal medicines were two primary commodities sold by India.

    Reply
  • Juan Marin

    February 22, 2017

    you like coffee? Then you like globalization. 😛

    Reply
  • Thomas Rivera

    February 22, 2017

    The discovery of the AMERICAS is the start of the Globalization because the "globe" started interacting with each other. Not only Asia and Europe…

    Reply
  • Emperor Tikacuti

    February 23, 2017

    The Silk Road contributed The Bubonic Plague that Globalization is cancerous.

    Reply
  • Aditya Jain

    February 23, 2017

    Please do a video on cotton route or project mausam!!

    Reply
  • MY15TIC 1

    February 24, 2017

    How strong is Tiny trump

    Reply
  • Zac Webster

    February 25, 2017

    globalism sucks

    Reply
  • karen t

    February 28, 2017

    👍

    Reply
  • Marcus K. Allen

    March 9, 2017

    THIS IS SO IRRITATING!!! Languages and dialects should be lost. IT DOES NOT matter!!! IT is all in the name of evolving. Imagine how species went instinct because they couldn't survive. That is a positive it means we are getting better.

    Reply
  • SophiaLB

    March 10, 2017

    Why do we fear the loss of languages and not embrace everyone speaking one language where we can all understand each other

    Reply
  • Big Cat

    March 18, 2017

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    ▂▄▅█████████▅▄▃▂ ☻ This tank & Bob are against 'Now This"
    Il███████████████████]… ▌︻╦╤─ Copy and Paste this all over YouTube
    ◥⊙▲⊙▲⊙▲⊙▲⊙▲⊙▲⊙◤…. / Lets take back our beloved Seeker Daily.

    Reply
  • Saf

    March 20, 2017

    I love your channel ! i'm a new subscriber. I like how you end your videos as well 🙂

    Reply
  • GoatPixel

    April 30, 2017

    anyone else thought of the illegal drug distribution site on the deep web when they saw 'silk road'?

    Reply
  • Robin Franklin

    September 9, 2017

    Ancient Silk Road, No need visa , No too much taxes , if u work hard, u can make tons of money. But ,today Smart brain + work hard

    Reply
  • Charlie Jones

    October 10, 2017

    This is so humbling

    Reply
  • भारत महान

    October 13, 2017

    Soon everyone will see the east will rise by 2025 just remember what I said the east will rise 🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳 and the EU will fall remember my words

    Reply
  • Deepit Purkayastha

    November 3, 2017

    "air of promiscuity" falsely part of the subtitles at 1m32s please correct it.

    Reply
  • Sayan guria

    November 5, 2017

    This video is made when China is launching Belt & Road Initiative. Hmmm…. I smell Chinese propaganda

    Reply
  • shira faith

    February 13, 2019

    How come it is not called international trade?

    Reply
  • Mihaela Andreeva

    March 9, 2019

    Another STOOGE , brainwashing the zombie land. Globalisation is " GREAT"??????

    Reply
  • Botanic cat

    April 16, 2019

    Your video caption picture is made horribly mistake

    Reply
  • Nick Sofialakis

    October 24, 2019

    The Greek Province Of Macedonia used silk during 300BC. However, the silk road was already established by Alexander the Great and traveled by Greek traders who pioneers the Silk Road to China Bactria Scythia and beyond the Mauryan Empire or modern India.
    The Greco-Romans or the Byzantines gain control of the the Silk Road later till 1453.

    Reply
  • Nick Sofialakis

    October 24, 2019

    GLOBALISATION IS EVIL AND FEEDS THE C BANKSTERS ONLY, AND WITH OUR MONEY HUNGRY GOVERNMENTS FASCISM IS IMMINENT.

    Reply
  • Zeeshan Malik

    November 4, 2019

    Very Interesting video. Here is a Book review of a book called The Silk Road by Peter Frankopan. It’s quite interesting: @NCGU

    Reply
  • JOSCOINDIAN

    November 30, 2019

    HOW VASKO D GAMA DISCOVER???.
    ANCIENT INDIA BUSINESS WITH WORLD.
    QUESTION IS HOW VOSKO D GAMA DISCOVER INDIA???

    Reply

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